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When most people hear the word teaching, they automatically think of K-12 schools, and are usually most familiar with their own school background. K-12 schools can be very different work environments, depending on where the school is located, the type of population a teacher is serving, how the school is funded, and more. Here are some examples of K-12 work environments:
- Public Schools
- Charter Schools
- Magnet Schools
- Private Schools
- High Needs Schools
- Urban Schools
- Rural Schools
- Teaching Online
- Teaching Abroad
However, K-12 schools aren’t the only work environment for teachers. You may consider being a university professor, teaching abroad, pre-k education, or adult education.
The most straightforward way to becoming a teacher is to enroll in a teacher education program, like the one in the Curry School of Education at UVA. However, there are multiple ways you can transition to a teaching career. Here are a few additional avenues you can pursue:
- Applying for a teaching residency program
- Teaching in a private or independent school
- Attending graduate school
Most alternative pathways require a bachelor’s degree, preferably in the subject the applicant wants to teach in. Make sure you check teaching license requirements of the state in which you want to teach - they can vary by location.
You don’t need a teaching certification or education background to apply for a teaching residency, but many look for at least some relevant courses or experience with kids. Teacher residency programs are a hybrid of a full-year classroom apprenticeship with graduate-level education content, often focusing on bringing in quality recent grads to teach in areas of high need. There are a lot of different types of teaching residency programs. Some provide short-term training while others pair a teacher-in-training with a mentor teacher. Many residencies require trainees to work toward a master’s degree in education, which is provided as part of the program. Some ask applicants to commit to teaching in a specific district for three or more years beyond the residency, creating a teacher pipeline. Others only require a short-term one or two-year commitment. Come chat with a counselor to talk about what program is right for you.
Independent and Private Schools
While it varies by institution, for most private schools, you don’t need a license to teach to apply for a job! They often hire uncertified teachers who have some sort of experience or background in a specific field, for example, having an undergraduate history major or master’s in English. Since private schools do not adhere to the same state regulations/requirements, they are also more flexible in their curriculum. Teachers are often expected to wear many hats and may be assigned responsibilities to coach sports, handle administrative work, or serve as resident faculty in dorms beyond their time in the classroom.
Graduate School or Post-Bac Teaching Licensure Programs
If you are graduating with a degree in something other than education and are interested in teaching in public school, you may want to look into a master’s program in education. If you have a lot of courses you need already, you may be interested in completing a post-bac program in order to get your teaching license and get into the classroom sooner.
If you are applying to work in a school system or university, most teaching positions will hire based on the academic year. This means that they will be hiring in the spring semester and even into the summer for positions starting in the fall semester.
- Madison House Programs (Cavs in the Classroom, ESOL, Tutoring, Big Siblings, Youth Mentoring)
- Young Women Leaders Program
- UVA Programs and Activities for Kids
- College Mentors for Kids
- Student-Faculty Partnerships to enhance teaching/learning
- Summer and Saturday Enrichment Program at UVA
Teaching Residency and Americorps programs
- Teach for America - Check out these Tips for Applying and Application Deadlines
- City Year - 11-mo. Americorps program in multiple U.S. cities.
- TNTP Teaching Fellows Programs - Regional teaching corps programs in D.C., NYC, etc.
- Boston Teacher Residency - one year, full-time Americorps service program (3-year commitment option)
- Knowledge is Power (KIPP) Capitol Teaching Residency - Teach in a DC Public Charter School, 3-year commitment
- Blue Engine - Teaching Assistant Fellowships in New York City
- Math for America - Fellowship for aspiring math teachers, includes 1-year master's in education program
- Urban Teachers - Teaching Residency program in Baltimore and D.C.
- Richmond Teaching Residency - Residency program through VCU. Special Education, Middle School STEM, and Secondary tracks
- Teach Kentucky - Recruits students to teach in public middle and high schools
- Mississippi Teaching Corps - Recruits teachers for critical need schools
- Breakthrough Collaborative - 9-week Teaching Residency for students who aspire to be teachers
- Match Education - Two programs in Boston: Match Corps is a one-year urban education fellowship, Match Teacher Residency is two years and includes graduate school.
- Virginia College Advising Corps - Americorps program. Help high school students with college applications.
- Jumpstart Americorps Program - Early Childhood
Private and Independent Schools
- Greenwich Country Day School Co-Teacher Program - one to two-year immersion program for PreK-3rd grade near New York City
- Charles C. Alexander Teacher-Intern Program - one year, salaried position in Groton, MA. Includes supervised teaching, observing, and help with coaching.
- Kenan-Lewis Fellowship at Woodberry Forest School - two year salaried teaching and/or coaching fellowship in Woodberry Forest, VA.
- Southern Teachers Agency - Recruits teachers for independent schools in the South. Teaching licenses are not required for many positions - come visit their office on the Corner!
- Carney, Sandoe & Associates - Recruits teachers and administrators for independent schools across the world.
Teaching Abroad Programs and Resources
There are many ways you can teach abroad, whether it's through a fellowship, structured program, the Department of Defense or an international school. Some students also may want to consider a TEFL (Teaching English as a Foreign Language) or TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) certification. Check out our Teaching Abroad page for more programs, resources, and information.
If you are an international student looking to teach in the United States, you need to investigate options for an H1-B Visa. Visa regulations are subject to change so make sure to do your research, but you can check out H-1B Visas for Teachers (SGM Law Group) to get started.
Resumes and Cover Letters
Resumes and cover letters are important first impressions in your job application, and contain vital information about your skills and background. Make sure to check out the Resumes and Cover Letters sections of the website for helpful advice and sample resumes and cover letters. When applying for teaching positions, there are a few specific things to keep in mind.
Resume vs. CV
What is the difference between a resume and Curriculum Vitae (CV)? When do you use each type? Typically, a resume is used for most industry positions, including K-12 teaching positions. A CV is typically used for graduate school applications and positions in academia. While a resume is typically one page and focuses on experience and skills, a CV is more comprehensive and may span many pages. In addition to sections you may see on a resume, a CV may include/focus on information such as coursework, research experience, teaching experience, publications, conferences, and professional associations.
However, some organizations use the terms resume and CV interchangeably. If you are unsure which to submit, contact someone at the organization to make sure you are using the correct type of document. You can have both resumes and CVs reviewed by a career counselor at the UVA Career Center.
Make sure to list all certifications and endorsements on your resume and when you expect to receive them. Employers will want to know your areas of expertise, and K-12 public schools require teaching certifications or endorsements, depending on your role. These certifications should be listed in your Education section or a separate section at the top of your resume. See examples below.
- Master of Teaching. Elementary Education with Certification Grades K-8, May 2015
- M. Ed. in Counselor Education - Secondary School Certification (anticipated May 2015)
Interests and Skills
The Interests and/or Skills section on your resume is a great place to identify additional skills that would be valuable for teaching positions. Examples of interests and skills might include:
- Foreign language
- Technology skills
- CPR, First Aid or other general certifications
- Interest in coaching sports or sponsoring certain clubs (K-12 teaching positions)
- Interest in working with particular populations/cultures
Electronic portfolios are valuable tools that showcase your work to employers. If you are enrolled in an formal Education program, you will likely create an E-portfolio. You can list the link to your electronic portfolio on a resume so that employers can easily and quickly view your accomplishments in your field. Looking for a place to start? SquareSpace, Wix and Weebly offer free tools to build a custom website. Not sure what to include? Here are examples of things you could highlight in an E-portfolio:
- Teaching/Counseling Philosophy
- Work Samples (lesson plans, projects, grant proposals, multimedia items)
- Professional Development (conferences, training)
If you have never interviewed before, make sure to check out the interviewing section of our website. You can also conduct a mock interview with a career counselor for practice. If you attend Education Expo or another career fair, you could be asked to interview with a school system on the spot, so make sure you are always prepared! Here are some sample interview questions - you can find more relevant interview questions by accessing InterviewStream in Handshake.
Describe your philosophy and approach to classroom management.
Give me an example of how you integrate technology into the classroom.
How do you handle discipline problems?
Define cooperative learning and give an example of how you use it.
How do you involve parents in the learning process?
Blogs and Industry Research
- Vault Guide to Education Jobs. (You can access the Career Insider by Vault resource in Handshake under the Resources tab in the Career Exploration section.)
- Special Education Guide
- New York Times Education Section