Jump to a section:
- Roles and Work Environment
- Skills and Training
- Industry Timeline
- Find Opportunities
- Applying and Interviewing
- Additional Industry Resources
Roles and Work Environment
Do you have a knack for technology and a desire to innovate and invent? Like solving complex problems and conducting in-depth research? Fields include Analytics, Research and Development, Manufacturing, Information Technology, Biotech and Medical Technology, and more. Here, your love of investigation and inquiry can connect to real-world opportunities.
Most of the positions and industries associated with this career community tend to have overlapping themes including problem solving (abstract or with tools or machines), inventing or repairing things, conducting research, learning or working with facts or principles, collecting, organizing, and interpreting data, working with quantitative data, producing tangible results, and computation and Computer Literacy. For those interested in analytics and technology in the Healthcare industry, more information and specific resources can be found on our Healthcare page.
There are opportunities with major tech companies, small and mid-sized firms, in the IT departments of companies of all sizes, and with nonprofits and government agencies.
Examples of Technology Jobs:
- Application/Web Developer
- Computer Programmer
- IT Project Manager
- Database Architect
- Product Manager
- Web/Application Developer
- Chemical Engineers
What do organizations look like?
The job market for Technology is a promising one. According to a report by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment of computer and information technology occupations is projected to grow 13 percent from 2016 to 2026, faster than the average for all occupations. The median annual wage for computer and information technology occupations was $84,580 in May 2017, which was higher than the median annual wage for all occupations of $37,690. However, it is important to remember that the overall range of salaries is wide, with entry level positions starting at around $42,000 and advanced or managerial positions at over $100,000. Geographically, most opportunities can be found in areas with technology or energy centers and research parks.
The Career Cornerstone is a resource that focuses specifically on opportunities in Engineering, Science, Technology, and Healthcare. There are over 185 profiles of various fields with comprehensive information on education requirements, salaries, professional associations and overall career resources. The site also has resources focusing on diversity in Engineering Science and Technology.
The Vault Career Insider is available to all UVA students via Handshake, under the "Resources" section. The Vault guides are a versatile tool that allow you to conduct research on a particular occupation or industry. Career Insider can help you understand key organizations, search for related internship, and learn more about industries of interest. Vault Guides that might be of interest include:
- Guide to Information Technology Jobs
- Career Launcher: Computer Software Jobs
- Guide to the Top Tech Employers
- Guide to Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Jobs
Skills and Training
- Problem Solving
- Data Analysis
- Technical Proficiency
Professionals in this field need strong analytical and problem-solving skills, flexibility, a minimum of a bachelor’s degree (for most positions), the ability to keep up with the latest technology, and a solid understanding of computers, the Internet, and IT basics. Because current technology is changing so rapidly, it will be essential for individuals to work to remain on the cutting edge. This also allows for those that aren’t already in technology field to break into the industry by learning and developing key technical skills. On Grounds there are many opportunities to learn what might be useful in the field, and we encourage you review the Find Opportunities section below.
Occupational choice often depends on skill and availability of that skill in the marketplace. For anyone considering entry into this field it is important to conduct research on the level of education necessary for entry into a field. There are occupations which often require advanced study, or specific technical training or certification. For those interested in these fields, practical experience can be as important as a solid academic foundation. See the "Find Opportunities" tab for ideas on how to gain experience.
Larger companies in many industries recruit for technical positions, both full-time and internships in the fall semester. There is a large number of companies that participate in On-Grounds Interviewing, and these positions can be found in Handshake within the Interviewing tab. Companies are always looking for technical assistance, and while many more name-brand positions are advertised in the fall, you will see more small and mid-sized firm positions available in the spring and throughout the year. For positions in entrepreneurship, most employers in this industry will also hire based upon vacancy, so there could be positions available after graduation, as well.
- CADRE – The Computation and Data Resource Exchange through the Library has an academy portal that provides free in person workshops organized into tracks by content and skill level. Learn Python, R, Cloud Computing, Python and More.
- DEV-Hub - is an opportunity for all members of the University of Virginia community to collaborate on applications and solutions that benefit the campus. With guides and resources you can start building digital solutions whenever you want.
- Engineering Students Without Borders
- Society of Women Engineers
- Scholars Lab
- UVA R Users Group
- IGEM at UVA
- Society for Cognitive Science
- American Institute of Chemical Engineers
- American Society of Civil Engineers
- National Society of Black Engineers
- Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers
- Charlottesville Business Innovation Council
- Charlottesville Women in Tech
- Health Unbound
- Dice Tech Jobs
- GigaOm Jobs
- Github Jobs
- Bio Space
- Biotech Careers
- Commonwealth Stem Industry Internship Program
- UVA Bioethics Internship Program
- Code For America
- Google Policy Fellowship
Applying and Interviewing
Resumes and Cover Letters
First impressions are critical in the job search. Developing and executing the best documents possible will help to ensure that you put your best foot forward and increase the likelihood of progressing to an interview. Make sure to check out the Resumes and Cover Letters sections of the website for helpful advice and sample resumes and cover letters.
Positions in software development, design, and programming may require additional materials like an online portfolio or GitHub. You can use your LinkedIn account to start to create a professional online presence and keep track of your projects and experiences there. It is important to document your work early and often so that your portfolio can grow organically as you gain experience.
Other tools that you can use to create a portfolio or a web presence detailing your projects include:
For those interested in coding heavy positions, or IT administrative positions, expect the interview process to have multiple steps and components. Any or all of the following may be a part of the process, but each organization will run their interview process differently You can use a resource like Glassdoor to understand the interview process and commonly asked questions each organization will ask.
- Research the organization before hand.
- Review your resume and projects you have worked on both in and out of school.
- Have a paper and pencil ready to take notes
- Ensure you are taking the call or skype in a distraction free zone
- Review the skills that you have indicated on your resume and be prepared to answer questions in line with your indicated level or skill
- May occur in place of a screening call
- Task-based questions
- Measuring practical skills and abilities
In-Person /Technical Interview
May interview with several members of a team
- Best to review behavioral and resume based questions beforehand
- Practice explaining, walking through technical process out loud
- Prepare questions to ask interviewer ahead of time
- Remember to follow up and send thank you note immediately after interview
Coding Interview Resources
- Interview.io - Practice technical interview questions with anonymous reviewers. Free website
- http://www.lintcode.com/en/ Practice technical interview questions, filter by language, company or difficulty.
- https://www.interviewbit.com/ - Gamifies technical interview questions
- TopCoder - Source for coding competitions as well as weekly fun challenges to help improve and learn new skills.
- HackerRank - Large technical coding learning and competition site.
- LeetCode - Platform for preparing technical interviews has a library of over 450 questions across 11 languages.
- Example Technical Interview Questions
Interview Tips and Strategies
- How to Practice for a Coding Interview by InternSupply
- 5 Interviewing Tips for Engineering Grads - Mark Johnson (SEAS, '07) provides solid advice not just for engineers, but for anyone interviewing for a technical position
- Ace Your Video Interview
- The Human Resources Interview
- Ace Your Technical Interview
- Ten Tech Interview Errors
- What it is like to Interview for a Technical Position
- How to Prep for Your Technical Interview
Alumni Spotlight: Internet Entrepreneur and Chief Executive Officer, TeamHomeField
Joe is president and CEO of TeamHomeField.com. His company gives coaches and athletes across the country the ability to edit and watch game footage online at the push of a button. Joe walks us through his jam-packed schedule (sales calls, marketing campaigns, social media blasts, site management, fundraising, etc). As if his schedule wasn't crazy enough, Joe is also a professional lacrosse player with the Denver Outlaws! Check out his interview to get a glimpse of a 24/7 entrepreneur!
Major: Sociology (Bachelor), Information Management (Masters)
College: University of Virginia, Syracuse University (Masters)
City: New York
State: New York
Additional Industry Resources
Blogs and Industry Research
- Ars Technica
- National Initiative for Cybersecurity Careers and Studies
- IT Business Edge
- HealtheCareers Network (Healthcare IT Jobs)
- HealthJobs Nationwide
Resources for Diverse Student Populations
- Association for Information Technology Professionals
- Information Technology Association of America
- Association for Women in Computing
- IEEE Computer Society
- Rishi Singh (CLAS, '11) - holds a B.A. in Echols, Interdisciplinary, Quantitative Modeling. Founder of Tiingo, Rishi has experience as a trader and analyst on Wall Street.
- My Advice to the Next Generation of Tech Women - Michelle Somerday (SEAS, '98) offers wise words for women trying to succeed in the tech industry.
- Break into the Tech Job Market With a Non-Technical Background - Brook Laughlin (CLAS, '08) Describes how she parlayed her background in the social sciences to a position as a systems analyst.