Prepare for Multiple Mini Interviews (MMI)

Claire Cornell

There are a variety of interview types you may encounter during your application process for a health professional program. The Multiple Mini Interview format is a relatively recent interview technique which focuses on assessing an applicant's soft skills during a combination of 6-10 minute scenario-based situations.

To learn more, watch this video explaining how Virginia Tech Carilion Medical School organizes their interview process. This video was from last year when in-person interviews were still being offered! Keep the concepts in mind they are talking about, but recognize that there will not be in-person interviews this Fall 2020. 

The MMI Is...

  • An opportunity to demonstrate inter/intrapersonal characteristics necessary for healthcare 
  • Maturity: Adaptability, Leadership, Autonomy
  • Judgement: Common Sense, Decisiveness, Reasoning
  • Perseverance: Persisting in the face of challenge
  • Self Confidence: Self-assurance and trust in one's skills
  • Empathy: Tact, consideration, sensitivity to the needs of others
  • Oral Communication: Articulateness, Clarity of expression
  • Originality and Imagination: Ability to see and understand new and different perspectives and approaches
  • Ability to work with people/cultural competency: Rapport, tact, consideration, cooperation, attitude, biases

The MMI is not...

  • A test of your knowledge of any particular healthcare procedure or policy. You will not be asked to diagnose, order tests, prescribe medicine or a course of action.
  • A critique of your acting skill in role play scenarios  
  • A back and forth dialogue, a friendly conversation, an opportunity to "buddy up" or "butter up"
  • An opportunity to highlight your __________ (unless it is relevant to the topic) 
  • A chance to explain (or explain away) an unpleasant or less than stellar aspect of your file

What you need to know...
About yourself: 

  • Be prepared to answer any behavior-based questions and ethical dilemma questions in a longer, extensive format (than traditional interviews)  
  • Idiosyncrasies in your verbal and/or non-verbal behavior that have the potential to be exaggerated in a prolonged answer about a particular topic. 

How you may (possibly) be evaluated: 

  • Ability to analyze information, engage ethical dilemmas and think critically about each scenario
  • If you actually answer the question(s) presented
  • Communication skills -- clear, well-thought out answers backed by examples or personal experiences
  • Non-verbal skills -- eye contact, tone of voice, empathy, use of hands/gestures, posture
  • How well you (actually) listen -- to the actor in role plays; to the follow-up questions
  • Demonstrate an understanding and ability to discuss bioethics and healthcare issues

Where to find practice questions & prep tools: 

Where to review hot topics in healthcare: